Resins are formed in specialized structures called passages ducts. Resins exude or ooze out from the bark of the trees and tend to harden on exposure to air. When the essential oil is extracted from the resin by means of a solvent, the resulting residual matter which is viscous in nature is termed as RESINOIND.
The important resin/resinoid-producing plants belong to the family Pinaceae, Burseraceae, Anacardiaceae, Leguminosae, and Hammamelidaceae.
Resinoids are metabolic by-products of plant tissues either in the normal course or often as a result of disease or injury to the bark or wood of certain plants.
The refined resinoids are lighter, non-sticky, and highly aromatic which are generally used in aromatherapy and in perfumery as fixatives. Some of them are as under:
i) Resinoid Benzoin
ii) Resinoid Okmass
iii) Resinoid Olibanum
iv) Resinoid Galbanum
v) Resinoid Elemi
vi) Resinoid Labdanum
The Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrophotometry analysis of resinoids revealed the fact that the general composition of the resinoids is as under:
i) Aliphatic hydrocarbons (55 % to 70 %)
ii) Diterpenes (10 % to 20 %)
iii) Triterpenes (5 % to 7 %)
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