“There is simply the rose🌹; it is perfect in every moment of its existence”
-Ralph Waldo Emerson
If one could think 🤔 of a name of a flower, which is loved or admired by almost every person we come across, what would it be?
The answer is rather simple- A Rose.
No matter the colour or kind, it is the most easily chosen and sought-after flower.
Celebrations, grief, date, weddings, or funerals- roses are the first choice to be given as a gift or decorations in any event. The looks, as well as the fragrance, just lures a person in.
ROSE: know all about it…
Has it ever crossed your mind to try to know all about roses?
If your favourite flower is a rose, then I’m sure it has😍
So, if your answer is yes, then you will be happy to read this👇
Just as beautiful and alluring as they are, it can be quite difficult and complicated to learn about roses. There are so many varieties, colours, and species to learn about, each of which is different from others.
The name rose comes from the Latin word Rosa. It is a shrub that bears flowers. It can tolerate a wide variety of growing conditions. Its fruit is called a hip.
As known commonly, like any other thing in the world, its beauty has flaws in the form of thorns. Picking a rose from the garden, therefore, can be a little painful if you end up getting pricked.
Roses typically grow in warm climates and bloom in the summer months. However, different roses can tolerate and grow in various temperature and climate zones.
Roses are available in many different types and colours and symbolise many different things, like love, affection and friendship. Each type has its own characteristics different from others.
TYPES OF ROSES
There are mainly three types of roses:
- OLD GARDEN ROSES– The roses which were found before 1867 were called old garden roses. They are easy to grow, disease-resistant and winter hardy.
- WILD ROSES– These are tougher roses that can adjust in much harsher conditions and on open ground. These require less pampering. They are simple five-petaled flowers, and easier for pollinators to reach.
- MODERN GARDEN ROSES– These flowers are the ones we think about when visualising a rose. They bloom continuously throughout the year. Its size is larger and has longer vase life. But it lacks fragrance and is more prone to diseases.
Under these, there are other types of flowers of multiple sizes and colours. These are:
OLD GARDEN ROSES
🌹 Alba– They have blue-green foliage and white or pale pink blossoms. They are once bloomers and bloom in late spring or early summer. They are disease-resistant, can tolerate cold conditions and are low maintenance.
- Pompon Blanc Parfait
- Maiden’s Blush
- Koeniging von Danemark
- Blanche de Belgique
- Madame Plantier
🌹 Bourbon– The blooms are in various shades of pink, red and white. The fragrance is intense. They have very few thorns and sometimes, none. They are repeat bloomers.
- Louise Odier
- Souvenir de la Malmaison
- La Reine Victoria
- Honorine de Brabant
- Madame Pierre Oger
- Zephirine Drouhin
🌹 Centifolia– They are called cabbage roses, as the petals resemble a cabbage head. The colours are in various shades of pink and white. The size of the bloom is large. The fragrant is heavy. These flowers are used in the fragrance industry. They are once bloomers and bloom in early summer. They are more prone to diseases.
- Rose de Meaux
- Petite de Hollande
🌹 China- The blooms are small. The colours are in multiple varieties. They are fragrant. They are repeated bloomers. They need pampering in a cold climate. They are disease resistant.
- Cramoisi Superieur
- Louis Phillippe
- Parson’s Pink China
- Hume’s Blush
🌹 Damask– there are two types of damasks: summer damasks and autumn damasks. The summer damasks are once bloomers, and autumn damasks bloom in summer and then in fall. The colour variations are in pink and white. The fragrance is deep, hence it is used in the perfume industry.
- Hebe’s Lip
- Madame Hardy
- St. Nicholas
- York and Lancaster
- La Ville de Bruxelles
- Duc de Cambridge
🌹 Gallica– They have medicinal properties. They also have a lovely scent. They are available in shades of pink, red, purple, and can be striped. They are once bloomers and can tolerate cold.
- Rosa Mundi
- Tuscany Superb
- Charles de Mills
- Rosa gallica Officinalis
🌹 Hybrid musk- they have a strong musk-like scent. The scent is mostly sweet and light. The foliage is healthy and bushy. They tend to be disease resistant.
- Buff Beauty
🌹 Hybrid perpetual– They are repeated bloomers. They have a lovely scent. The blossoms are large. They are available in shades of pretty pink, red, purple and white.
- Marchesa Boccella
- La Reine
- Ferdinand Pichard
- Baroness Rothschild
- Reine des Violettes
- Paul Neyron
- General Jacqueminot
🌹 Hybrid rugosa– These are very hardy. The foliage tends to be healthy, rich and green. They have a lovely fragrance. They are disease resistant. The blossoms are small and the colours are not in a wide variety.
- Blanc Double de Coubert
🌹 Noisette– They are available in a wide variety of colours including pink, orange, yellow and white. They are repeated or continuous bloomers. They are descendants of China roses.
- Celine Forestier
- Reve d’Or
- Madame Alfred Carriere
- Desprez a Fleurs Jaunes
🌹 Moss– They are available in a wide variety of colours. They are very fragrant. When rubbed, they give off scent of woods or balsam. They are known to be exceptionally beautiful. They are mostly once bloomers.
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
- Crested Moss
🌹 Tea– As the name suggests, their fragrance tends to remind one of Chinese black tea. They are available in multiple shades of pink, yellow, white, orange and apricot. The blossoms are large. They are repeated bloomers. They are disease resistant.
- Catherine Mermet
- Gloire de Dijon
- Maman Cochet
- Duchesse de Brabant
🌹 Portland– they tend to have a strong fragrance. The stem is very small with bigger blossoms. They mostly bloom in summer, but sometimes, may flower during the fall.
- Comte de Chambord
- Rose du Roi
- Duchess of Portland
- Rose de Rescht
MODERN GARDEN ROSES
🌹🌹 Climbing– These flowers have upright canes which can be supported. They can reach up to fifteen feet. They produce more flowers when grown horizontally instead of vertically. The flowers tend to be large and bloom repeatedly.
- Breath of life
- Sunset memory
🌹🌹 David Austin– These are a blend of old garden and modern roses. They have repeat flowering capability and a wider colour range. They are more disease prone and not as hardy as others.
- Abraham Darby
- Queen of Sweden
- Constance Spry
- St. Cecelia
- Charles Austin
- Graham Thomas
🌹🌹 Floribunda– These are found in a variety of colours like white, yellow, orange, pink and purple. They are easy to take care of, disease-resistant, and hardier.
- Arthur bell
- Anne Harkness
- Heidi Klum
🌹🌹 Groundcover– They are available in a variety of colours and forms. They have a nice fragrance. They are easier to take care of. They are wider. They are pest resistant and disease resistant. They have the tendency of repeated blooming and are low maintenance.
- Flower carpet coral
- Flower carpet red
🌹🌹 Grandiflora– They have large flowers. The stems are long. They are hardy and can tolerate different conditions.
- Pink Parfait
- Queen Elizabeth
- Earth song
- Governor Rossellini
🌹🌹 Hybrid tea– they are available in a wide variety of colours. The stems are long and upright. The flowers are large and have a good form. They are high maintenance.
- Soleil d’ Or
- La France
- Moon shadow
- Double delight
- Mister Lincoln
- Charles de Gaulle
🌹🌹 Polyantha– These bloom throughout the year irrespective of the season. It comes in shades of pink, white and red. They are disease resistant and hardy. They are low maintenance.
- The Fairy
- Princesse Josephine-Charlotte
- Cecile Brunner
🌹🌹 Rambler– The flowers are small or medium-sized. They are mostly once bloomers but can be repeated or continuous bloomers. They need support, and without support, they grow horizontally covering everything in their way.
- American Pillar
🌹🌹 Miniature- They have small stems, leaves and flowers. They are versatile, disease resistant and hardy. It comes in the range of colours of white, pink, yellow and orange.
- Honey milk
- Sugar baby
- Pink star
- Lemon Delight
🌹🌹 Shrub– These roses don’t fit in any other category. They are generally easy to care for and are hardy. The level of fragrance varies. They are repeated bloomers and the growth is quick.
- Golden Wings
- Rosa canina
- Rosa prattii
- Rosa acicularis
- Rosa nutkana
- Rosa wichuraiana
- Rosa rubiginosa
- Rosa glauca
- Rosa setigera
- Rosa persica
- Rosa laevgata
- Rosa moyesii
- Rosa pinetorum
- Rosa multiflora
- Rosa arkansana
- Rosa nitida
- Rosa pimpinellifolia
- Rosa woodsii
- Rosa virginiana
- Rosa foetida
- Rosa moschata
- Rosa Carolina
ROSE COLOURS AND WHAT THEY SYMBOLIZE
- Red- They are the symbol of love and affection
- Pink- They symbolize joy, gratitude and grace. They are used to show admiration.
- White- They symbolize purity, new beginnings and innocence.
- Purple- They are used to symbolize fascination. It can be used to show “love at first sight”.
- Yellow- They are symbols of care and friendship. They have no romantic meaning.
- Orange- They symbolize enthusiasm. They are a blend of red and yellow roses, and so are used to symbolize a mix of both.
ROSE IN ESSENTIAL OILS
Roses are popular in the essential oil industry. The oil extracted from the petals of certain roses can prove to be quite useful in the aromatherapy industry.
They tend to have a lot of health benefits depending on the variant of rose used.
Damask rose, Rosa centifolia and Alba are the most commonly used in the industry of aromatherapy. The reason is that they have the strongest fragrance and high oil content.
A few health benefits of roses in aromatherapy are as follows:
- Stress- As the name suggests, it helps in reducing stress and inducing a calm feeling.
- Pain- When applied on the skin or inhaled, it is known to reduce the pain levels in an individual.
- Menstrual problems- It helps in reducing the cramping pain following an abdominal massage.
- Menopausal symptoms- It helps in relieving symptoms such as anxiety, night sweats, hot flashes, pain etc.
- They have antibacterial properties
- They have antifungal properties
- It helps in easing depression symptoms
It can be used in various ways:
- Adding few drops to a bath and relaxing
- Adding a few drops in water and use it as a foot bath
- Massaging with the help of a carrier oil
Although there are no harsh side effects, make sure to take care of the following:
- Avoid direct contact with skin
- Don’t consume in any form
- Don’t inhale directly from the bottle
A few side effects may include:
- Nose and throat inflammation
Roses are one of the most beautiful species of flora known to humans. But as alluring its beauty is, it is also quite complicated and a little overwhelming to understand.
Hopefully, now it will be easier for you to choose a rose knowing well enough about it.